South Africa and Egypt dominate list of top 30 African universities

Written by Kate Collins

As the Times Higher Education (THE) Africa universities summit kicked off July 30 at the University of Johannesburg, South Africa, the main buzz of the event was the landmark unveiling of a new African university ranking. And it’s here, though only ranking the top 30 of Africa’s approximately 2,600 higher education institutions.

Caption: Deputy Chief Justice Dikgang Moseneke receiving his honorary doctorate at University of Cape Town’s June graduation. Credit: Michael Hammond/UCT/FB

1. University of Cape Town (South Africa)

2. University of the Witwatersrand (South Africa)

3. Makerere University (Uganda)

4. University of Stellenbosch (South Africa)

5. University of KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa)

6. University of Port Harcourt (Nigeria)

7. University of the Western Cape (South Africa)

8. University of Nairobi (Kenya)

9. University of Johannesburg (South Africa)

10. Universite Cadi Ayyad (Morocco)

11. University of Pretoria (South Africa)

12. University of Ghana (Ghana)

13. University of South Africa (South Africa)

14. Suez Canal University (Egypt)

15. Universite Hassan II (Morocco)

16. Addis Ababa University (Ethiopia)

17. Rhodes University (South Africa)

18. University of The Free State (South Africa)

19. North West University (South Africa)

20. University of Tunis (Tunisia)

21. Ecole Nationale d’Ingenieurs de Sfax (Tunisia)

22. Universite Mohammed V – Agdal (Morocco)

23. American University in Cairo (Egypt)

24. Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University (South Africa)

25. South Valley University (Egypt)

26. Alexandria University (Egypt)

27. Assiut University (Egypt)

28. University of Sfax (Tunisia)

29. University of Yaounde (Cameroon)

30. Minia University(Egypt)

Source: Times Higher Education

These results are essentially based on the number of citations there are for the university’s work. They are derived from the methodology for the current world university ranking, using the 13 factors (below), combining THE’s own enormous database of statistics along with the Elsevier’s Scopus database – a system that highlights some of the continent’s top performers in terms of how often research papers are referred to and cited by other academics globally. This methodology is designed for the research-led globally facing university. Times Higher Education emphasised that not everyone in Africa will find the metrics appropriate to their mission or their strategic priorities making this ranking a starting point of a longer, inclusive conversation involving African institutions.

the rankings we’re publishing are actually very much the starting point. We want to use this conference to convince universities to start collecting and sharing data more consistently.”



One of the big surprises was the omission of several African universities that have consistently featured high up on global ranking lists. Namely; Cairo University, University of Ibadan, University of Nigeria and Al-Azhar University in Egypt.

The other surprise was the appearance of unexpected or lesser-known institutions, such as the Universite Cadi Ayyad (10), Port Harcourt (6), the Universite de Sfax in Tunisia (28), Universite Hassan II (15) and several other institutions from Egypt namely; Suez Canal University (14), South Valley University and Minia University (30) .

In an interview with M&G Africa, Phil Batty – Editor of the Times Higher Education World University Rankings – explained that even though they have spent the last 4-5 years modifying and refining a methodology that would be better suited to an African, as opposed to a global, ranking – “there’s still a long way to go”. He said that what THE has “created is a snapshot of research strength”.

Batty was also candid about the lack of extensive data in creating THE first Africa university ranking. That this is “the very start of the story. [Because] world rankings are driven by research, innovation and tech development, we need to work with African universities on [indicators such as] their teaching and graduate success…the rankings we’re publishing are actually very much the starting point. We want to use this conference to convince universities to start collecting and sharing data more consistently.” 

The build up

The ranking comes at a time when Africa’s universities are looking to experience a period of revitalisation, with a booming middle class and concentrated pan-African efforts – such as the Higher Education Summit in Senegal earlier this year – aimed at addressing their challenges. Yet, African universities have become lost in global rankings – measured against institutions in the rich, developed world which continue to dominate the leagues and without focused efforts that look to finding metrics which are appropriate to the African context.

One of the key actors in the creation of this Africa ranking is the University of Johannesburg.

In an interview with M&G Africa, Professor Ihron Rensburg – the Vice-Chancellor and principal of the University of Johannesburg – explained that, as part of the University’s 10th anniversary, they engaged THE to say “we have an apparently shared ambition, first you have a series of conferences where you create the opportunity for universities to reflect, [engage in] dialogue and debate on the state of universities in order to ramp up excellence in teaching and learning and research – we as the University of Johannesburg  – share that driving ambition and that is important for us that Africa’s universities pursue global excellence and stature in internationalisation, collaboration, teaching and research.”

He emphasised that the University of Johannesburg “effectively founded and conceptualised the idea and asked [THE] to do it jointly – [bringing] together our driving ambition and creating a forum for African Universities to debate and dialogue.”